Solutions for Automotive Ethernet

Ethernet technology is used for in-vehicle communication, measurement and calibration, diagnostics via DoIP and communication between electric vehicles and charging stations. Further drivers for in-vehicle Ethernet are the upcoming ADAS functions for automated and autonomous driving as well as infotainment use cases. Ethernet is also used as a data backbone, connecting the different communication domains of an E/E architecture.

Vehicle manufacturers and suppliers are faced with a wide range of challenges, e.g. introduction of service-oriented communication. Security aspects also play an important role. Vector supports you with all kinds of professional tools, basic software, trainings and services.

V-modell graphic showing all Vector tools for developing Ethernet ECUs

Advantages

  • Mature products and competent services through years of experience in automotive networking
  • Support of all relevant physical layers, e.g. 100BASE-T1 (former OPEN Alliance BroadR-Reach), 1000BASE-T1, 100BASE-TX, ...
  • Consistent multibus tool chain for simple integration of new technologies into existing vehicle architectures
  • Practical solutions through participation in committees such as e.g. OPEN Alliance and AUTOSAR as well as intensive cooperation with the users

Current Webinar Series

We are currently hosting a webinar series on various Automotive Ethernet topics. Here is the list of upcoming webinars and the recordings of the webinars that have already taken place.

Design

The Vector Ethernet toolchain helps to simplify the design, implementation and test of todays in-vehicle distributed systems utilizing Ethernet.

Vector toolchain for designing Ethernet ECUs
Design Tools
PREEvision supports the AUTOSAR compliant design of Ethernet networks and clusters including the corresponding communication. The model-based engineering environment also enables service-oriented architectures for embedded software systems.
Designing the architecture of software components (SWCs) for AUTOSAR ECUs. This tool lets you create a graphic design of the interfaces, define the internal behavior with runnable entities and link the SWCs to one another.
Remaining network simulation across communication systems with one tool.

Embedded Software

MICROSAR.ETH and .AVB - the AUTOSAR basic software modules from Vector for Ethernet and AVB

In addition to many other modules, MICROSAR - Vector's AUTOSAR basic software - also includes modules for Ethernet-based communication in vehicles. These modules let you develop your ECUs efficiently and reliably.

Embedded Software
The MICROSAR.ETH package contains the AUTOSAR BSW modules including a TCP/IP stack developed to an automotive standard for Ethernet-based communication between ECUs. TheBSW modules of MICROSAR.ETH are available according to AUTOSAR 4.x and as a supplement to AUTOSAR 3.x.
MICROSAR.AVB
MICROSAR.AVB (Audio/Video Bridging) enables quick and reliable transport of audio/video data. It is based on AUTOSAR 4.x and supports AVTP (Audio/Video Transport Protocol), RTP (Transport Protocol for Real-Time Applications), SRP (Stream Reservation Protocol), EthTSyn (Time Synchronisation over Ethernet) and on request also BMCA (Best Master Clock Algorithm). This makes it possible to implement AVB end points as well as bridge functionality.
Tools
DaVinci Configurator Pro is the central tool for configuring, validating and generating the basic software (BSW) and the run-time environment (RTE) of an AUTOSAR ECU. You can use this tool for MICROSAR modules from Vector as well as for your own BSW.

Analysis and Testing

Automotive Ethernet is a switched network compared to the bus systems used in the automotive field. Special approaches for analyzing and testing networks are required. They include access to the network as well as the capturing of the entire communication.

Vector toolchain for testing Ethernet ECUs
Tools
Analysis of the whole vehicle communication across bus and protocol boundaries. The option Ethernet comprises protocols like SOME/IP, AVB/TSN, DoIP and more as well as the network technology Ethernet.
Remaining bus simulation across networks and testing of ECUs and entire networks with one tool. The option Ethernet comprises protocols like SOME/IP, AVB/TSN, DoIP and more as well as the network technology Ethernet.
Many example configurations, e.g. for the OPEN Alliance Conformance Tests (TC8), are included. (Details: see AppNote)
Hardware
 
 
The interfaces of the VN5000 family are compact and very powerful interfaces for the analysis of Ethernet networks and for simulation and test tasks in the Ethernet environment. They are suitable for synchronous Ethernet monitoring together with other bus systems, network participation e.g. in simulations, and for frame, load and error generation in tests. The interface to the computer is realized via Ethernet or USB.
VT System
Modular test environment for efficient ECU and functional tests. When used together with CANoe, the VT System becomes a high-performance and flexible test solution.
For the execution of the Open Alliance Conformance Tests (TC8), the VT System allows a high level of test automation including some physical layer tests. (Details: see AppNote)

Measurement and Calibration

The following products from Vector enable calibration, measurement and (re)programming of individual ECUs via XCP on Ethernet (e.g. via 100/1000BASE-T1), the measurement via AUTOSAR DLT (Diagnostic Log and Trace), and access to Ethernet data and higher protocols such as SOME/IP.

Vector toolchain for calibrating Ethernet ECUs
Tools  
CANape
Measuring, calibrating and (re)programming over XCP or microcontroller-specific data trace and debug ports as well as measuring via AUTOSAR DLT. CANape and VX1000 enable maximum transmission rates with minimal or no impact on ECU run-time.
Hardware
 
 
The interfaces of the VN5000 family are compact and very powerful interfaces for accessing Automotive Ethernet. They are suitable for many applications:
  • Ethernet monitoring or synchronous tracing of Ethernet frames – together with data from other bus systems such as CAN
  • Easy participation in the network for measurement, calibration and (re-)programming via XCP on Ethernet
 
VX1000 The system provides the interface between the ECU and a measurement and calibration tool like CANape. For high data throughput with minimal runtime influence on the ECU, data access is done via microcontroller-specific data trace and debug interfaces.
VX0312 Network interface for (Automotive) Ethernet and CAN (FD). ECUs can be quickly and reliably connected to a computer with CANape using XCP on Ethernet without the need for complex configuration of a firewall.
Embedded Software
MICROSAR.ETH
AUTOSAR basic software modules for measuring, calibrating and (re)programming via XCP on Ethernet.

 

Logging

The challenge of logging Ethernet data is the high data rate that occurs, for example, in the development of ADAS systems with cameras. Two different solutions are available from Vector for this use case: The Smart Logger and the GL Logger.

The Smart Loggers are a combination of measurement software and an industrial computer platform. This gives you universal access to measurement data coupled with the simplicity of a logger. The GL Loggers are special automotive data recorders for use in test vehicles or on test benches.

Which logger is the right one for you? This table provides you with an initial decision-making aid:

  Smart Logger GL Logger
Bandwidth >> 200 MByte/s < 200 MByte/s
Active support of Ethernet protocols and active measurement required? Yes No
Calculations on Ethernet signals at runtime? Yes No
Boot time <= 90 s (or pre-boot via smart UPS) <= 200ms

 

The Vector solution CANape log with the logger platforms VP6400 and VP7400 is capable of recording large amounts of data from different sources synchronously. Especially in Automotive Ethernet use cases, you can use it to capture raw messages, but you can also observe complex protocols such as SOME/IP. In addition, active communication using XCP, DLT and DoIP is available for reading internal data from ECUs. With triggered measurements, you record exactly the right data. In this way, you make efficient use of the memory capacity on the logger. Furthermore, the post-processing in the backend takes place with a reduced amount of data. The Vector network interfaces give you access to Automotive Ethernet and other networks such as CAN (FD), FlexRay. In addition, the VX1000 product family provides broadband access to all raw and debugging data from sensors and ECU internal values.

Data Acquisition
CANape log For recording ADAS data the logging solution CANape log from Vector is available. It enables users to record all data from sensors, networks, complex protocols and internal ECU data. The solution scales with increasing requirements and can be operated intuitively. One click is all it takes to start, stop and monitor the preconfigured logger via mobile devices.
VP6400 / VP7400 The VP6400 and VP7400 hardware platforms are specially designed for the time-synchronous parallel recording of Ethernet data streams. These can be raw messages, but also XCP on Ethernet data, video streams, radar raw data, and other bus messages. The platforms support exchangeable storage cartridges with up to 8 resp. 16 TByte SSD memory. With the very high recording rates of up to 500 MByte/s or up to 1 GByte/s they are suitable for use in ambitious Ethernet and ADAS projects.
 
The VN5000 family comprises very powerful interfaces for accessing Automotive Ethernet. Different housing designs and temperature ranges allow a wide range of applications from stationary HiL setups to mobile use in test vehicles.
VX1161
The VX1161 forms the interface between fusion ECUs and sensors with CANape log. It enables measurement of raw and XCP data with a very compact design.
The POD interface cards offer a very high measurement data throughput of more than 100 MByte/s each for XCP and radar raw data. The streaming interface cards process up to 6.4 Gbit/s video, radar or other streams per channel.
Data Evaluation
 
For signal-oriented data evaluation during a running measurement, you couple a laptop with CANape to the logger hardware. Intuitive analysis windows and functions are available to be used during the measurement.
 
In addition to CANape, you can also use the vSignalyzer analysis tool, which is specially tailored to analyze recorded data.
Configuration
CANape In the Interactive Mode, a laptop with CANape is coupled with the logger hardware. The full range of CANape functions is thus available for setting up and testing the logger configuration. This configuration is then executed by CANape log for data acquisition. This way you can use your CANape project unchanged in development and also directly in vehicle testing.
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The GL Loggers are a family of rugged standalone loggers. Their main application is the use in vehicles, for quality assurance or for the search for sporadic faults. The focus of the GL Loggers is on recording communication in vehicle networks. Environmental data, from analogue measurement to context cameras, as well as the GPS position can be recorded by a wide range of accessories. The embedded platform of the GL Logger is particularly characterized by fast start-up times and low power requirements.

Data Acquisition
GL5350 / GL5370 The GL5300 logger family is the perfect solution for test fleet operators to log extensive CAN, CAN FD, LIN and FlexRay networks. With powerful hardware, they are suitable for complex logging tasks. They have a low power consumption in sleep mode and are therefore ideally suited for permanent in-vehicle use.
GL5450
(The Ethernet extension for the GL5300 loggers will be available beginning of December. Then you will get more information here.)
The GL5450 is the extension of the GL5300 family for recording data on Automotive Ethernet networks. It supports both 100BASE-T1 and 1000BASE-T1 in TAP mode. It also offers additional 2 TBytes of storage capacity.
VX1135 The VX1135 forms the interface between ECUs and the GL5350/GL5370 logger. It enables measurement and recording of ECU-internal data via XCP on Ethernet without burdening the vehicle network. Adaptation to different ECUs takes place with so-called PODs (plug-on devices).
Data Evaluation
CANoe.Ethernet The extensive test functionality enables the evaluation of the recorded data. Automation of the analysis as well as integration into a CI workflow is possible. The option .Ethernet includes various protocols such as SOME/IP, AVB/TSN, DoIP as well as the network technology Ethernet.
CANalyzer.Ethernet Analysis of the entire vehicle communication across bus and protocol boundaries. The .Ethernet option includes various protocols such as SOME/IP, AVB/TSN, DoIP as well as Ethernet network technology.
vSignalyzer The vSignalyzer analysis tool is used when the application signals contained in the Ethernet messages are the focus of the analysis - for example, PDUs, SOME/IP traffic, ...
Configuration
Vector Logger Suite Convenient program for creating configurations for all loggers of the GL families. You also use it for reading out the recorded data and converting it into a variety of logging formats. The Vector Logger Suite also allows you to easily export logging files from archived raw data (ZIP format) to other formats.
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Diagnostics and Flashing

The following products from Vector support DoIP (Diagnostics communication over Internet Protocol). Compared to CAN, DoIP offers a significantly higher gross data rate and therefore the possibility to diagnose or reprogram multiple CAN, LIN, FlexRay and Ethernet ECUs in parallel.

Vector toolchain for diagnostics of Ethernet ECUs
Tools
CANoe is one of the diagnostic testers in Vector's diagnostic tool chain. It offers reliable ECU diagnostics via DoIP in the laboratory and the vehicle. Therefore it supports DHCP and parameterization of a Gateway Logical Address (GLA) and IP address. In addition to CANalyzer, CANoe offers remaining bus simulation across networks and testing of ECUs and entire networks.
CANalyzer is one of the diagnostic testers in Vector's diagnostic tool chain. It offers reliable ECU diagnostics via DoIP in the laboratory and the vehicle. Therefore it supports DHCP and parameterization of a Gateway Logical Address (GLA) and IP address. The focus of CANalyzer is analysis of the whole vehicle communication across network and protocol boundaries.
DiVa is an extension of CANoe for automated testing of diagnostic software implementations in ECUs. Test cases are generated based on a diagnostic description.
Indigo is an easy to use diagnostic tester, which is largely self-configurable and masks the complexity of the diagnostic protocols. It offers a quick overview of the vehicle status and permits detailed diagnostics of individual ECUs.
Remote diagnostics with Indigo Remote is also possible.
vFlash
vFlash is a very easy-to-use tool for programming ECUs. It supports already more than 70 different flash specifications and is simply expandable via a plugin concept.
vFlash offers also remote software update via flashing from a distance, too.
Library
D-PDU API The Vector D-PDU API is a programming interface, standardized in ISO 22900-2, for accessing a Vehicle Communication Interface (VCI). The API abstracts from the underlying VCI, especially from implementation of the communication protocol (UDS and others).
For remote access, the Vector Remote D-PDU API is available.
Hardware
 
The interfaces of the VN5000 family are compact and very powerful interfaces. They offer simple and transparent access to the relevant physical layers 100BASE-TX and Automotive Ethernet (100/1000BASE-T1). The VN56xx interfaces can also control the DoIP Activation Line.
VN8810
The VN8810 is a compact and intelligent diagnostic hardware device for various applications involving vehicle diagnostics. Accessing the vehicle is easily done via the OBD socket. The reprogramming of ECUs and the execution of diagnostic scripts is handled by one single hardware device. The VN8810 operates thereby autonomously in standalone mode. Additionally the device serves as an access point for remote diagnostics.
Embedded Software
AUTOSAR basic software modules for vehicle diagnostics over DoIP. They allow diagnostics and quick reprogramming of Ethernet ECUs as well as parallel diagnostics and reprogramming of CAN, LIN and FlexRay ECUs behind a DoIP gateway

Automotive Ethernet Poster

This informative and clearly structured poster in DIN A1 format offers important technical details about:
 	Network physics 	MAC addresses 	Ethernet types 	VLANs 	Structure of Ethernet packets 	IPv4 and IPv6 addresses, address structures and headers 	TCP and UDP transport layers

This informative and clearly structured poster in DIN A1 format offers important technical details about:

  • Network physics
  • MAC addresses
  • Ethernet types
  • VLANs
  • Structure of Ethernet packets
  • IPv4 and IPv6 addresses, address structures and headers
  • TCP and UDP transport layers

Your Contact at Vector

Are you interested in more information about the Vector products for Automotive Ethernet? Then let's talk.

 

Peter Fellmeth
Automotive Ethernet Expert

Trainings

Training Classes

Vector offers numerous seminars and workshops dealing with Vector software tools, Vector standard software components, AUTOSAR and current bus technologies and protocols. The following regular training classes are held at the Vector office. It is also possible to arrange a training at your location and tailored for your specific requirements.

Available Training Classes
This workshop teaches you the fundamentals of Ethernet- and IP-based communication in motor vehicles. You also get an overview of application-related protocols and their use cases. Furthermore you learn a lot about the functions of CANoe/CANalyzer.Ethernet for analyzing, simulating and testing Ethernet- and IP-based communication.
In this hands-on training you will gain a fundamental knowledge about the connection of Ethernet and TCP/IP to the AUTOSAR Software architecture. We will take a detailed look at the most important Automotive use cases and you will learn about their general mode of operation as well as the according configuration principles in the AUTOSAR Software architecture.
This workshop gives you a fundamental knowledge of Ethernet- and IP-based communication in motor vehicles, as well as a short overview of relevant protocols and their application areas. You will learn how to define and configure ethernet networks using PREEvision to derive an Ethernet communication description.

Remote Trainings

Vector Remote Trainings consist of several sessions which are partly spread over several weeks. The sessions build upon each other and comprise exercises and, depending on the course, homework.

The trainees are connected with the trainer by bidirectional audio-link, so questions can be posed and solutions discussed with the trainer. Course material and software can be downloaded.

Available Remote Trainings
This Remote Training addresses users of CANoe.Ethernet. The course is designed to provide an overview of CANoe.Ethernet’s basic features and an introduction to Automotive Ethernet. The only prerequisite to this  Remote Training module is basic knowledge of CANoe features.
PREEvision SOA and Ethernet Modeling This workshop gives you a fundamental knowledge of Ethernet and IP-based communication in motor vehicles, as well as a short overview of relevant protocols and their application areas. Afterwards you will learn the service-oriented modeling of an Ethernet-based architecture in PREEvision.
MICROSAR Ethernet In this training you will gain a fundamental knowledge about Ethernet Physical Layers (PHY), TCP/IP and protocols that are commonly used in Automotive applications. You will learn about the connection of Ethernet and TCP/IP to the AUTOSAR Software architecture and the most important Automotive use cases. In the additional practice you are going to apply the previously learnt topics in several exercises, e.g. you will configure the MICROSAR Ethernet Software.

E-Learning for the Basics of Automotive Ethernet

In this E-Learning course you will learn the fundamentals of Ethernet- and IP-based communication in the automotive field.

The E-Learning course is also suitable for customers participating in the Ethernet and IP Workshops and Remote Trainings of the VectorAcademy. You can learn the basics of Ethernet- and IP-based communication prior to attending the workshop. In this way, entry into the workshop is made easier because some contents are repeated and covered in more depth during the training.

Related Pages

Vector Automotive Ethernet Symposium

Networking and know-how for Automotive Ethernet experts.

View the Recordings of the Last Years