CANoe
Development and Testing for Automotive and Beyond

Testing ECUs and Networks with CANoe

CANoe is the comprehensive software tool for development, test and analysis of individual ECUs and entire ECU networks. It supports network designers, development and test engineers throughout the entire development process – from planning to system-level test.

Versatile variants and functions provide the appropriate project support. Therefore, its versatile functions and configuration options are used successfully by OEMs and suppliers worldwide.

Advantages

  • Only one tool for all development and testing tasks
  • Easy automated testing
  • Extensive possibilities for simulating and testing ECU diagnostics
  • Detect and correct error situations early in the development process
  • User-friendly graphic and text-based evaluation of results

Applications Areas

Analysis of Network Communication with CANoe

CANoe users can analyse the multi-bus communication of ECUs and entire systems at their desk as well as in the vehicle. Theses smart windows support your analysis:

  1. Trace Window (1) for listing all bus activities such as messages or error frames. For each message there is the possibility of displaying the individual signal values.
  2. Graphics Window (2) for graphical online display for values transmitted in messages and diagnostic requests, such as rpm or temperature values, over a time axis.
  3. Statistics Window (3) for displaying useful network and node statistics, e.g. bus load on node and frame levels, burst counter/duration, counter/rate for frames and errors, controller states.
  4. Data Window (4) for displaying preselected data, e.g. numeric or bar graph data.
  5. State Tracker (5) for displaying states and bit signals.

 

... further analysis windows and blocks are:

  • Measurement Setup for graphical display and parameterization of function blocks and evaluation functions
  • Scope Window for offline display of bit level measurements recorded with the Option .Scope
  • Interactive Generator for stimulating the buses and for easy sending of modified signals
  • Signal Generator for generating signal waveforms (sine, ramp, pulse, value list, etc.)
  • Logging/Replay for logging and later analysis or replay of measurements
  • Trigger and Filter for specific reactions to bus events and to reduce the amount of data that is displayed or logged
  • Write Window for system messages and user-specific outputs from CAPL programs
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Diagnostics with CANoe

The Diagnostic Feature Set included with CANoe supports you in analyzing diagnostic communication via the KWP2000 and UDS standards. CANoe may be used both as a diagnostic tester and to simulate ECU diagnostics; it is parameterized via ODX or CANdelaStudio description files. In addition a complete OBD-II Tester is integrated in CANoe.

With CANoe.DiVa you can perform automated testing of diagnostic software implementations in ECUs. Reproducible test cases are generated based on an ECU diagnostic description in CANdela or ODX format. CANoe automatically executes these test cases and generates a conclusive test report.

With CANoe, you can also implement the diagnostic simulation of ECUs. In addition, the included Test Feature Set allows you to perform automated tests programmed in CAPL, XML,. NET, or with the help of vTESTstudio. CANoe can also automatically generate a test report in XML and HTML format on request.
 

 

VIDEO TUTORIALS

Tips & Tricks Directly from Our CANoe Diagnostics Expert

 

APPLICATION NOTES

Are More Information Welcome?

You get a detailed introduction into working with diagnostics in CANoe and CANalyzer. It presents the basic technical aspects and possibilities with the Diagnostic Feature Set, complements the help file of CANoe and may be used as a tutorial.

>> Open "CANoe and CANalyzer as Diagnostic Tools"

 

Preview of Application Note

Overview of CANoe features regarding DoIP as of CANoe 14 SP2. Step by step it explains how to use CANoe as DoIP tester, gateway and simulated ECU. Additionally, instructions are given how to configure CANoe for different use cases. 
Scope of this document is neither to explain the DoIP protocol, nor to explain the diagnostics features of CANoe.

>> Open "Diagnostics over Internet Protocol (DoIP) in CANoe"

Learn about the concept of a diagnostics gateway between CAN and any other bus system or transport protocol to make CANoe's diagnostics features available when direct access ist not yet possible.

>> Open "Diagnostics via CANoe Gateways"

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Simulation of Functions and Communication Processes

You can test and analyze a System Under Tests (SUT) with a CANoe simulation. By transferring real components to a simulation under laboratory conditions, the SUT is operated under defined, controlled and, above all, reproducible situations. This makes it possible to analyze limit and exceptional situations without risk. All development phases are supported with this residual bus simulation. 

The SUT can be hardware as well as software.

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Stimulation with CANoe

During stimulation, events are applied to a System Under Test (SUT) to produce a desired response. These stimuli can be of the character of a planned control or of a scheduled system disturbance for further investigation. The goals of a stimulus are:

  • Controlled, reproducible excitation of your SUT
  • Various test scenarios for your analyses
  • Determine optimal control parameters

 

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Testing of ECUs and Entire Networks with CANoe

CANoe represents the state-of-the-art test environment. It is the ideal testing tool as well for the entire system as for efficient ECU testing. CANoe supports you with impressive performance on:

  • ECU tests
  • Module tests
  • Integration tests
  • Conformance tests
  • Regression tests
  • Testing of ECU prototypes

 

For your convenience the Test Feature Set (TFS) is integrated in CANoe. It performs both application-specific tests and standardized conformance tests.

On increased real-time requirements, you may also operate CANoe as a HIL (Hardware-in-the-Loop) system.

In the CANoe RT (Real Time) mode, real-time relevant simulation and test functions are executed on a dedicated computer, i.e. separate from the graphic user interface. This offers you an easy way to increase the overall system performance if necessary. Additionally it results in shorter latency times and more precise timers.


Application examples

CANoe’s many open interfaces make it easy to adapt it in your testing environment:

  • Integrating hardware for stimulation, measurement and injecting errors:
    VT System, digital and analog I/Os, automated measuring devices, controllable power supplies
  • Interfacing simulation and test models: MATLAB/Simulink models
  • Controlling test systems from third parties: via program calls, script calls
  • Integration in higher-level test controllers: via the CANoe COM server, e.g. from Python or .NET
  • Linking to external software tools: e.g. to DOORS for traceability requirements

 

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Tips for Users: Follow Us Through 3 Typical CANoe Applications

Start CANoe "Guide Me"

Highlights Version 15

SIL Test Support 

  • Functionality of CANoe4SW SIL testing is now available in CANoe
  • It's possible to access software via Functional System Interfaces using the new SIL Adapter


Connectivity Features Service

  • VH4110 hardware – also called “IoT Enabler” – allows a connection to a System Under Test (SUT) without internet connection
  • A broker (MQTT) is available in CANoe which can additionally be used for fault injections within tests


ADAS Features

  • Stimulation and test of ADAS algorithms with simple and complex scenarios
  • Stimulation of ADAS ECUs via network communication


Security Features

  • Replay of secured PDUs is possible including automatic adjustment of security parameters
  • Tests with the focus on modification of certificates are possible with the new X.509 API


Option Ethernet 

  • New Protocol Monitor shows a graphical representation of connections for communication and application layer protocols 
  • External virtual ECUs can participate in the network over a virtual link (TUN/TAP) connection


Service-Oriented Architectures (SOA)

  • Application Panel allows stimulation of application layer objects

Special Functions

CANoe for IoT Applications

The free extension "Connectivity Feature Set" for CANoe allows you to easily connect your System Under Test (SUT) via a back end (CANoe Connectivity Hub) or directly via an interface hardware (VH4110 "IoT Enabler"). Your SUT can be a real device or pure software, e.g. in a virtual environment.

 

Highlights:

  • For functional tests of your software or your smart device
  • Use the familiar CANoe features, such as analysis windows, automated testing or integration of additional models to provide the system environment
  • No special IT policy is required when using the Connectivity Hub, as the connection is made via websockets or HTTPS
  • A wide range of protocols is supported when using the VH4110 hardware - also called "IoT Enabler"
     

The Connectivity Feature Set provides access with a low barrier to entry  and easy operation:

  • Protocol-specific aspects are handled implicitly by CANoe. You can concentrate fully on your application data.
  • If you are already working with CANoe, you will remain within your usual workflows for simulation and testing.
  • CANoe provides all the necessary artifacts of a complete system environment for your System Under Test (SUT).

 

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Testing of Security-Protected ECUs and Networks

The principle of the Security Manager - with and without access to OEM-specific backends
The principle of the Security Manager - with and without access to OEM-specific backends

Security mechanisms in the ECU secure the vehicle and its functions against manipulation and unauthorized access. However, for testing and diagnostic purposes, it must be possible for an authorized individual to participate in vehicle communication during development and later operation.

With the Security Manager, Vector offers a uniform solution that is used identically for many Vector tools. In addition to CANoe also CANalyzer, CANape, vFlashIndigo and CANoe.DiVa use the Security Manager.

Use Cases
  • Communication: SecOC
  • Diagnostics: Authentication
  • Diagnostics: Variant Coding
  • TLS: Simulation of Client and Server
  • TLS: TLS Observer using Master Secret
  • TLS: DoIP over TLS
  • IPsec: IKEv2 support for certificate based peer authentication, dead peer detection, IKE fragmentation and IKE rekeying
  • IPsec: Import of StrongSwan IPsec configurations
  • IPsec: Full control of the Security Policy Database
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Test of ADAS Features

This free CANoe extension allows you to easily test ADAS functions. Such functions can be, for example, brake assistants, traffic sign recognition or lane keeping assistants. The basic concepts of CANoe are of course available. 

For stimulating ADAS algorithms, various ADAS objects are exchanged between simulation environments, sensors or development environments. Specific windows are available for analysis. The use of Test Units enables complete testing of the algorithm. CANoe provides the necessary remaining system. Depending on the application, data from simulated environments can also be used here, such as those provided by DYNA4.


Highlights:

  • Stimulation of ADAS algorithms with simple or complex scenarios
  • Test of ADAS algorithms
  • Analysis of sensor data via network communication
  • Stimulation of ADAS algorithms via network communication
  • Analysis of logging files
  • Analysis of scenarios


The mapping of object lists is done internally via the ASAM OSI® standard (Open Simulation Interface). This standard is also supported by other Vector tools, ensuring interoperability between different tools.

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Communication Concepts: Current Development

"Service-orientation in E/E designs" (26 min.). Part 1/2 about SOA fundamentals and CANoe´s support for SOA testing of vehicle networks.

The classic signal-based communication is increasingly supplemented by service-oriented communication patterns. The AUTOSAR Adaptive platform, for example consistently uses service-oriented approach. Service-oriented communication is often based on the TCP/IP protocol stack and uses communication middleware, for example SOME/IP. The transmitted network message, i.e. the Ethernet frame, and the actual application view drift here much more apart than in case of signal based communication via CAN. In addition, the service interfaces and the associated data structures are defined in a way which is detached from a specific network transmission or network topology.

... and CANoe´s Communication Model

Graphic of CANoe´s communication model
Communication model of CANoe

CANoe supports this new design paradigm. To do so, databases are imported into the CANoe communication model. Via a built-in communication object editor you can define your own communication objects and edit the existing ones.

"How to test SOA applications with CANoe" (25 min). Part 2/2 about SOA fundamentals and CANoe´s support for SOA testing of vehicle networks.

CANoe enables the use of the service interfaces directly as modeling artifact. The service interfaces support methods and events. Complex data types, used for example in the area of object detection, are supported directly. Endpoints which provide or use a service interface (providers and consumers) can be directly simulated in CANoe.



 

 

CANoe Communication Concept - 3 Top FAQs

Q:  Does the communication setup replace the simulation setup?
A:  Yes, the communication setup was specifically designed for service-oriented architectures for which the network oriented representation in the simulation setup is not suitable.
Q:  Do I have to change my existing CANoe configurations?
A:  No, existing CANoe configurations can continue to be used unchanged. However, in the future more and more OEM extensions will be converted to the communication concept.
Q:  Is the communication concept only suitable for AUTOSAR Adaptive?
A:  No, the communication concept covers all types of communication. This ranges from cyclic CAN messages to MQTT for IoT applications.

 

 

Importance of the Communication Setup Window

Screenshot of the CANoe Communication Setup Window
Communication Setup Window

In the CANoe communication concept the Communication Setup Window is the central starting point for communication configuration of the:

1.  Application layer (application models)
2.  Communication layer (communication, bindings)
3.  Transmission medium (hardware, bindings)

 

Technical Article

"Uniform Testing Across System and Protocol Boundaries"

A future-proof concept: Soft migration to service-based communication

This article explains the concept of a universal communication system which, in addition to purely signal-based communication, masters the handling of Service-Oriented Architectures and enables the equal treatment of any desired forms of communication during testing.

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Monitoring and Debugging of AUTOSAR ECUs with CANoe

Graphic of the CANoe .AMD/XCP workflow
Workflow of CANoe .AMD/XCP

The CANoe Option AMD/XCP (AUTOSAR Monitoring and Debugging) supports access to internal parameters in the ECU. It gives you extensive test options and shortens your debug times substantially.

Especially with complex ECUs or distributed functions, a pure blackbox test is no longer adequate. Access to internal information in ECUs opens up new and comprehensive test options for your application or ECU stack. AUTOSAR ECUs, in particular, offer defined interfaces for measuring and stimulating test parameters due to their structured layout consisting of basic software (BSW), a runtime environment (RTE) and software components (SWCs).

 

Highlights:

  • Easy access to internal ECU parameters over XCP/CCP
  • Extensive measurement of the MICROSAR stack (supports all monitoring features, including generic measurement)
  • Update of A2L files with new addresses from the linker-map files (via the included ASAP2 Updater)

 

Application Areas:

  • Extended test options through access to ECU internal values
  • Analyzing and automated testing of ECU internal values, bus signals and I/O signals
  • Analysis of distributed functions with parallel access to several ECUs
  • Debugging in BSW and SWCs
  • Automatic configuration via ASAM A2L file

 

Further information:

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Interfaces to Modeling Tools

Graphic simulation with CANoe and MATLAB
CANoe supports simulation of complex ECU models with various modeling tools, here for example MATLAB

CANoe has interfaces to these modeling tools, which can be used to integrate complex models of individual ECUs into a simulation:

  • MATLAB®
  • Simulink®
  • Stateflow®

 

The interface provides a blockset for reading/writing system variables and bus signals. It provides 2 operation modes:

  1. Online/HIL for executing generated code in the CANoe real time environment
  2. Offline/Synchronized for simulated systems

 

CANoe provides the interaction layer and a signal API which can directly be used in the MATLAB/Simulink model. All communication aspects are handled inside CANoe.

 

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Specific Extensions

Vector offers free of charge OEM specific function extensions for CANoe. These simulation extensions are composed of several components. The components are typically based on a standard and are extended with OEM specific add-ons.
 

Content:

  • Interaction Layer
  • Transport Protocol
  • Network Management
  • Panels to display and modify signals
  • Model Generator to generate a complete CANoe environment

 

Available extensions resp. "OEM packages":

CAN Ethernet Flexray
BMW BMW BMW
Daimler Daimler Daimler
Claas GM Corporation JLR
Daihatsu McLaren Renault
Subaru Renault VAG
(Audi, Bentley, Porsche, Seat, Skoda, Volkswagen)
FAW VAG (Audi, Bentley, Porsche, Seat, Skoda, Volkswagen) Volvo Cars Corporation
Fiat (FCA) Volvo Cars Corporation  
Ford (FMC)    
GM Corporation    
GWM    
JLR    
Mazda    
McLaren    
NIO    
Renault    
Suzuki    
Toyota    
VAG (Audi, Bentley, Porsche, Seat, Skoda, Volkswagen)    
Volvo Cars Corporation    
Volvo GTT    

 

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CANoe Options for Automotive

Option CAN

Already with the basic CANoe you have a comfortable tool for simulating, analyzing and testing of CAN networks. The CANoe multibus concept allows to operate CAN/CAN FD, LIN, Ethernet, FlexRay, and MOST simultaneously, provided the corresponding option is applied.


Highlights

  • AUTOSAR support for CAN/CAN FD
  • Diagnostics support for CAN/CAN FD
  • CAN/CAN FD supported by the CANoe Options Scope and AMD/XCP


Functions

  • Simulation, analysis and test of CAN (FD) systems
  • Easy integration of CAN FD specific functions as an extension to CAN
  • ECU functional and integration tests
  • Network integration tests
  • Gateway operation: simultaneous stimulation and analysis of CAN, LIN, Ethernet, and FlexRay networks


Go to web page CAN/CAN FD technology

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Option Car2x

Option Car2x is especially suitable for application and function development, as well as the testing of ECUs, which exchange information with other vehicles or the traffic infrastructure based on V2X application messages. Domain-specific measurement windows enable the effective analysis of communication across all protocol levels. The scope of functions also makes it possible to stimulate the V2X functions based on traffic scenarios and carry out tests using specific test functions. Standards and protocols from the regions of China, the EU and the US released by GB/T (China), ETSI (EU) and IEEE (US) are supported. For the wireless standard, you can choose whether communication is to occur over WLAN IEEE 802.11p or 3GPP C-V2X PC5, where there are hardware solutions for both versions.

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Option Ethernet

With the Ethernet option, you can expand CANoe to include support for Ethernet networks. The Ethernet option makes possible the use of interface hardware such as the VN5600 series of interfaces. This enables direct access to physical layers such as IEEE 100BASE-T1 (OABR) and IEEE 1000BASE-T1, which are widely used in the automotive field. The Ethernet option also expands CANoe to include specific protocols such as SOME/IP, SOME/IP-SD, IP, TCP, UDP, TSN/AVB and many more.

 

 

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Option FlexRay

CANoe.FlexRay is an universal tool for analyzing distributed real-time systems. It covers all applications from simple network analysis to focused troubleshooting of complex problems. The multibus approach enables simultaneous operation of the CAN, Ethernet,  FlexRay, LIN and MOST  and network systems.


Application Areas

  • FlexRay-based "data backbone" to which other buses (CAN, LIN, FlexRay) may be connected via gateways
  • Distributed controls requiring calculations that extend beyond ECU boundaries (e.g. power train and chassis)
  • Safety critical applications (x-by-wire)


Functions

  • Listing the bus data traffic (Tracing)
  • Graphic and text displays of signal values
  • Interactive sending of pre-defined PDUs and frames
  • Statistics on nodes and messages with the Cluster Monitor
  • Logging messages for later replay or offline evaluation
  • Well-organized display of cycle multiplexing, in-cycle repetition and PDUs in the analysis windows

 

Go to web page FlexRay technology

     

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Option LIN

The CANoe Option LIN provides analysis, test and simulation capabilities to support development of LIN ECUs and networks.
A simulation of a LIN master or slave node including LIN network management can be easily configured by just using an LDF file.
The integrated LIN slave conformance tester generates tests for LIN 1.3, 2.0, 2.1, 2.2, J2602 and ISO 17987.


Highlights

  • LIN support of new CANoe Option Scope
  • Interactive stress and disturbance features for LIN
  • Slave conformance tests for LIN2.1 and J2602


Development Features

  • Easy simulation of LIN nodes/networks according to LDF
    (including multi-channel LIN Masters and gateways)
  • Full support of LIN2.0, LIN2.1, LIN2.2 Slave reconfiguration
  • Network management for LIN2.0, LIN2.1, LIN2.2 and J2602
  • Script functions for modelling LIN nodes (including diagnostics)
  • User-configurable and integrated panels for interactively manipulating signals, frames and scheduling
  • Support of Diagnostics Feature Set


Analysis Features

  • Network analysis according to LDF Interpretation of LIN2.0,LIN2.1, LIN2.2 configuration commands
  • Interpretation of diagnostics according to ODX/CANdela files
  • Detailed error and event detection
  • Numerical and graphical visualization of signals
  • Configurable display panels
  • Network Management Window
  • Network and node statistics with LIN Statistics Monitor
  • Logging, replay, filter and trigger blocks


Test Features
Using the Test Feature Set (TFS) for LIN, you can easily define, control and report your own LIN tests. With the Slave Conformance Test Module you can directly integrate conformance tests into your own test configurations. This special test module the official Slave conformance tests (OSI-layers 2 and 3) for LIN1.3, LIN2.0, LIN2.1 and J2602. The test execution can be easily automated using Vector's test hardware VH1160.


Stress Features
To stress your LIN network with CANoe.LIN, no special hardware is required. Using the LIN-Stress IG or script functions you can create almost every type of LIN error. With the LIN Disturbance Block, you can interactively configure and execute recessive and dominant disturbances.

 

Go to web page LIN technology

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Option MOST

CANoe.MOST combines a wide range of analysis and testing capabilities for MOST systems with a convenient user interface. Besides offering user-friendly interactive analysis of the overall system, its automated analyses and tests are especially useful in boosting efficiency in ECU development and system integration. The network services required for single component tests are provided, including the means for performing a remaining bus simulation.
 

Highlights

  • Single tool for use cases from Simulation, to Analysis, to Test Automation with elaborated Report generation.
  • Various stress features
  • Access to the Electrical Control Line (ECL)
  • Global synchronized clock for gateway use cases Spy for Isochronous Channels: Streaming of the data to the PC, enabling a recording to hard disc and visualization with media players like VLC


Application Areas

  • Analysis tool with extensive disassembly of MOST messages
  • Device and System Tests: Using the integrated system management modules (Network Master, Power Master and Connection Master) you can start up your ECU, e.g. in individual device tests, in a way that is MOST-conformant. This lets you focus on developing the actual tests in creating test modules. Reporting is performed automatically for the most part.
  • Gateway Development: The pure MOST variant of CANoe .MOST may be combined in any desired way with CAN, LIN, FlexRay and Ethernet variants. Analyses and tests can cover all bus systems relevant for your gateway ECU and are based on a single, synchronized global clock. CANoe can also act as a gateway prototype.

 

CANoe.MOST Features
The following table offers an overview of the features supported by CANoe.MOST:
 

MOST Feature
 
Control Channel
Node/Spy
        CMS
Yes
        AMS
Yes
Asynchronous Channel (MDP)
Node/Spy
        Raw packets
Yes
        MOST High Protocol (MHP)
Yes
Ethernet Channel (MEP)
Node/Spy
Electrical Control Line (ECL)
Node/Spy
System States (Light, Lock, System Lock, ...)
Yes
Audio/Synchronous Channels
 
        Allocation Table
Yes
        LineIn/LineOut
Yes
        S/PDIF In/Out
Yes
        Streaming to PC
Yes
        Isochronous Channels
Spy1
Stress
 
        Bus Load Control Channel
Yes
        Bus Load Asynchronous Channel
Yes
        Bus Load Ethernet Channel
Yes
        Unlock Generator
Yes
        ECL Stimulation Sequences
Yes
Logging
 
        Control Channel, Asynchronous Channel,
        Ethernet, System States
BLF, ASC, IMG, OP22, CCO2, CC32
        Synchronous Channels
No
Hardware Interface
VN2640

1 With VN2640 as interface
2 Does not contain all channels, detailed information at the author of the format

Note:

  • MOST25 only with existing VN2610
  • MOST50 with OptoLyzer MOCCA compact 50e;
  • MOST150 coax with VN2640 + MOST150 C-O Converter (K2L) or OptoLyzer MOCCA compact 150c (K2L)

 

Go to web page MOST technology

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CANoe Options for Higher Application Protocols

Option .CANopen

As the complexity of networks continues to increase, the development of CANopen systems is not possible without suitable development tools. CANoe is a powerful tool that supports the entire development process for networked systems, from planning to development and testing and finally start-up.

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Option .ISO11783

CANoe.ISO11783 is suitable for the design, diagnostics, and testing of ISO11783-based networks and components. It gives the user an optimal tool that can be used from development to end-of-line testing.

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Option .J1587

The seamless integration of J1587 in CANoe/CANalyzer lets the user interact with these networks in a very simple, quick and reliable way. This includes protocol-specific representation in the Trace window. Moreover, by combining this option with other options, such as J1939 or LIN, entire systems can be analyzed or simulated with a single tool. This allows chronologically interrelated processes to be acquired and evaluated beyond bus boundaries.

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Option .J1939

Because of its simulation capabilities, CANoe .J1939 is well-suited to the development, design and verification of J1939 networks. Its practical application as a diagnostic and debugging tool is just as feasible as its use in simulating the rest of the bus during startup or assembly. Especially the J1939-82 Compliance Test Unit (2015) supports the user in preparing integration and module tests. Since the SAE J1939 specification is the basis for other networks such as NMEA 2000®, ISO 11783, ISO 11992 (Truck & Trailer), FMS (Fleet Management System) and GB/T27930, the Option can be used in those applications as well.

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With this CANoe option for E-Mobility we support all developers of charging ECUs who need a flexible counterpart to secure correct functions. With CANoe.SmartCharging you analyze, simulate and test the communication behavior of an electric vehicle (EV) or a charging station (EVSE) during the charging process.

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CANoe Options for Measurement and Diagnostic Validation

Option AMD/XCP

Graphic about CANoe .AMD/XCP workflow
Workflow with CANoe .AMD/XCP to read or write memory addresses in the ECU

The option AMD/XCP extends CANoe by adding the ability to access ECU memory. Reading or writing to memory locations in the ECU is performed via the ASAM standardized XCP protocol (XCP on CAN, XCP on Ethernet) or CCP protocol. Configuration is conveniently done with files in A2L format.

Especially with complex ECUs or distributed functions, a pure blackbox test is no longer adequate. Access to internal information in ECUs opens up new and comprehensive test options for your application or ECU stack. AUTOSAR ECUs, in particular, offer defined interfaces for measuring and stimulating test parameters due to their structured layout consisting of basic software (BSW), a runtime environment (RTE) and software components (SWCs).

Effective with release 10.0 the Vector MICROSAR AUTOSAR stack offers the generation of A2L files for the BSW modules (Basic Software Components) and the SWC (Software Components) and thereby provides the symbolic information.

You can read internal states and data flow out of a control unit and analyze it together with bus data. Option .AMD/XCP uses the established XCP and CCP protocols to read the data from the ECU.

 

Application Areas:

  • Extended test options by access to internal ECU values
  • Analyzing and parallel testing of ECU internal values, bus signals and I/O signals
  • Analysis of distributed functions with parallel access to several ECUs
  • Debugging in BSW and SWCs
  • Automatic configuration via ASAM A2L file

 

Product Highlights:

  • Supported the protocols:

    • XCP on CAN/CAN FD, FlexRay, Ethernet and LIN (Vector implementation)
    • CAN Calibration Protocol (CCP)

  • Supported hardware for fast data transfer:

    • Vector VX1100 measurement and calibration hardware
    • iSYSTEM hardware debugger

  • Extensive measurement of the MICROSAR stack (supports all monitoring features, including generic measurement)
  • Update of A2L files with new addresses from the linker-map files (via the included ASAP2 Updater)

     

Technical Article: "A Look Behind the Scenes" (PDF, 3 pages)

Technical Article "A Look Behind the Scenes"

Blackbox tests are typically conducted in the framework of ECU development or in analyzing faulty ECU behavior. This involves connecting an ECU‘s inputs and outputs to a test system for stimulation and measurement. Although this method lets the test engineer perform extensive analysis, certain tests require looking directly into the ECU. This is the only way to obtain meaningful test results or reduce testing effort.  (Open Technical Article)

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Option .DiVa

Overview CANoe.DiVa - Architecture and Test Generation
Overview CANoe.DiVa - Architecture and Test Generation

DiVa is a CANoe extension for automated testing of diagnostic software implementations in ECUs.

Reproducible test cases are generated based on an ECU diagnostic description in CANdela or ODX format.
CANoe automatically executes these test cases and generates a conclusive test report. CANoe.DiVa then supports the evaluation and further processing of the test results.

More information

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Option Scope

Screenshot of option .Scope for CANoe
Option .Scope for CANoe most important windows

The option Scope is an integrated oscilloscope solution for CANoe based on an USB oscilloscope hardware. The supported hardware has up to 4 input channels for 2 CAN/CAN FD/FlexRay or 4 LIN/IO and is triggered using the sync line of Vector´s interface hardware. With bus specific trigger conditions and the CANoe time synchronization, you can find the cause of protocol errors much faster than with any traditional oscilloscope.

     

+++ Webinar Recording +++

"Automated Physical Layer Analysis with Vector CAPL Interface"

  • Content:

    • Product Concept
    • Hardware Prerequisites
    • CAPL Function Overview
    • Test Workflow
    • Examples
    • Summary / Outlook
       

  • Duration:

    • 55 minutes
       

  • Target group:

    • CANoe.Scope users with base knowledge in CAPL programming


Application Areas

  • Bit-accurate analysis of bus protocol errors
  • Validation and debugging of conformance tests
  • Check of CAN signal quality
  • Parallel evaluation of bus and I/O signals

 

Product Highlights

  • Analysis and triggering of CAN/CAN FD, FlexRay, LIN and A429 for aerospace
  • Analysis of sensor signals of PSI5 and SENT protocol (with VT System)
  • Triggering and measuring different waveform of external signals (I/O)
  • Detection and triggering protocol errors, e.g. CAN Error Frames
  • ECU conformance testing according to OEM specifications
  • Proof of network design concepts (bus topology, cables, resistors)
  • Tracing EMC problems and other physical effects (reflections, ringing, crosstalk)

 

CAPL Programming

  • Automated analysis using eye diagram, bit mask analysis or time transition measurements
  • CAPL based programming API to write user specific tests cases
  • Test architecture allows automated and sequential run of user-defined test cases
  • Reproducible test documentation provided by generated test reports


CANoe Integration

The option .Scope appears in CANoe as a new Analysis Window with views for configuration, data capture, Diagram Window and Trace Window. Diagram and trace are bi-directionally synchronized with each other and provide a bit-accurate signal decode. The Oscilloscope window can also be synchronized with other analysis windows in CANoe such as Trace, Graphics and State Tracker. Oscilloscope measurements can be exported and imported again for off-line analysis.

 

Oscilloscope Hardware

  • USB 3.0 oscilloscope PicoScope 5444D-034
  • 512 MS scope buffer
  • 1 GS/s maximum sampling rate (1channel)
  • 500 MS/s sampling rate for 2 channels (e.g. CAN_H, CAN_L)
  • 4 input channels for bus signals (2 CAN/CAN FD/FlexRay or 4 LIN/IO)
  • Bus connection via Vector „Scope Bus Probe“ with D-Sub connector
  • 1 input for external triggering via sync line of Vector interfaces
  • Connection to Vector interfaces via Scope Trigger Cable

 

Further Information:

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Option Sensor

Photo of CANoe .Sensor and VT2710
CANoe .Sensor and hardware module VT2710 for analysis, simulation and test of sensor-specific protocols

Easier analysis, simulation and test of these sensor-specific protocols:

  • PSI5  (Peripheral Sensor Interface)
  • SENT (Single Edge Nibble Transmission)
     

Use CANoe.Sensor and benefit from functions specially adapted to sensor protocols:

  • with the VT2710 hardware module for PSI5 and SENT
  • with the SENSORPiggy SENT and VN1640A or VN1500 for SENT

     

Application Areas

Development and application of sensors for:

  • Powertrain: pressure sensor, air flow sensor, oxygen sensor, ...
  • Safety: acceleration sensor, rotation sensor, tilt sensor, ...
  • Comfort: rain sensor, temperature sensor, air quality sensor ...

 

Product Highlights

  • Intuitive user interface for quick configuration of the sensor channels
  • Sensor configurations can be comfortably exported for other CANoe configurations
  • CANoe Trace Window for concise protocol analysis
  • Serial hardware module VT2710 supporting four PSI5 or four SENT channels
  • SENSORPiggy SENT for VN1640A and VN1500 family


Tool Concept

The option CANoe.Sensor allows you to analyze the sensor communication. It is possible to observe sensor signals on the sensor bus as well as the distribution of the sensor signal in the vehicle network. Even complex communication scenarios can be generated and analyzed quickly, as proven CANoe analysis concepts and an intuitive configuration are used. With the ability to simulate both the control unit and the sensor, CANoe.Sensor helps developers also build easier to demanding test environments. Full control over all relevant log data consists in the simulation. In addition, sophisticated error detection mechanisms facilitate the debugging of the system.

The physical connection to the sensor networks is done using the hardware module VT2710. It is fully adapted to the functionality of CANoe.Sensor and part of Vector's modular test environment VT System. The flexible structure of the VT2710 is beneficial: as required, up to four PSI5 or SENT channels are configurable with piggybacks. With this module, users have a precise analysis tool, which allows accurate bitrate settings and precise message time stamps and fits in seamlessly into the existing VT environment with the tool concept as well as the programming interface. The module is prepared for additional sensor logs.

 

Further Information:

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CANoe Options for Aerospace

Option A429

CANoe .A429 Screenshot including some analysis and simulation windows

CANoe.A429 is ideal for the test and analysis of ARINC 429 buses and of individual devices on up to 32 channels. Regardless of whether raw data or physical quantities are required – CANoe.A429 provides powerful analysis functions on all levels. Users reach their goals quickly and also get a clear overview in complex network constellations.

 

Overview of Advantages

  • Reliable testing of data communication – from simple interactive tests to systematic automated tests
  • Automatically create test protocols
  • Easy monitoring of the data traffic and comprehensive network analysis
  • Just a single tool for accessing CAN, AFDX® and the Vector VT System, a modular test environment
  • Detect and correct error situations early in the development process

 

Symbolic Representation

ARINC 429 words for a bus can be described in a database. This involves assigning readable names to the ARINC 429 labels, and the data contents of the ARINC 429 words are also defined in detail. This not only includes the bit position within the ARINC 429 word, but also the data type and display name. For an interpreted display of physical parameters, you can also enter the units and define a conversion formula. A Database Editor is included with the product.

 

Display of Messages

The Trace Window lists the momentary ARINC 429 bus traffic clearly. When databases are available, the representation is symbolic – conversion formulas are automatically used. The layout of columns is user configurable, and three preconfigurable column layouts are available for quick toggling of the display. Refined search functions ensure that the user can quickly find all relevant information, even in cases of intensive bus traffic.

 

More Information:

 

(AFDX® is an Airbus registered trademark)

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Option AFDX

CANoe .AFDX Screenshot including some analysis windows

CANoe.AFDX is ideal for testing and analysis of entire AFDX networks as well as individual devices. Regardless of whether raw frames or payload contents are needed – CANoe.AFDX offers powerful analysis functions on all levels. Users quickly reach their goals and always have a clear picture of even complex network topologies.

 

Overview of Advantages

  • Reliable testing of data communications – from simple interactive tests to systematic automated testing
  • Automatic generation of test reports
  • Easy observation of the data traffic and comprehensive network analysis
  • Access to CAN, AFDX® and digital or analog I/O with the one and the same tool

 

Hardware Interfaces

CANoe .AFDX optionally utilizes the VN5610A as USB interface or TTTech's PCI/PCIe variant AFDXEnd System T.

 

Symbolic Display via Databases

The AFDX communication is described in ICD format. The aircraft manufacturer generally provides its suppliers with relevant description files. To ensure that this information is also usable in CANoe.AFDX, a converter is supplied that converts the ICD files into DBC files. The user adds these DBC files to a CANoe.AFDX configuration, which then enables access to symbolic information.

 

Message Display

The current AFDX message traffic is shown in the Trace window. If databases are available, the display is symbolic and is based on information from the converted ICD files. A Virtual Link is then no longer visualized numerically by its ID, but instead by its name. The display of columns is user configurable, and three preconfigurable column layouts are available for quick switchover. Refined search functions ensure that the user does not lose sight of key information among the large numbers of messages.

 

More Information:
Product Information CANoe.AFDX

 

(AFDX® is an Airbus registered trademark)

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Option CAN

CANoe .CANaero Screenshot including some analysis windows, simulation and panels

CANoe.CAN covers most use cases for ARINC 825 from simple network analysis to systematic testing of electronic units. The multibus approach lets you simultaneously operate multiple channels, different bus systems such as CAN (ARINC 825), A429 (ARINC 429), AFDX® (ARINC 664) and Ethernet.

Overview of Advantages

  • Reliable testing of the bus communications between electronic units – from simple interactive testing in design or implementation to systematic automated testing
  • Automatically generated test reports
  • Easy observation of data traffic and comprehensive network analysis
  • Time-synchronous analysis of multiple buses and optional support of Ethernet enable gateway developments and tests
  • Support of the protocol ARINC 825
  • Open interfaces and database concept offer optimal support for proprietary protocols as well

CANoe.CAN may be combined with other CANoe options such as A429, AFDX, Ethernet and CANopen.
Its intuitive operation is based on a displayed block diagram that graphically depicts the data flow from the bus over the PC interface to the various evaluation windows of the screen and to the log file. The system is parameterized in this block diagram. In addition, function blocks may be placed and configured here, uch as filter, generator or replay blocks.

Functions

The basic functions offer a multitude of usage options. They include:

  • Simulation of complete systems and remaining bus simulation via modeling
  • Tracing of the bus data traffic
  • Test entire networks and/or individual electronic units
  • User programmable with integrated C-like CAPL programming language to support simulation, analysis and testing
  • Interactive sending of messages
  • Statistics on nodes, messages, bus load and faults
  • Logging of messages for later replay or offline evaluation with versatile triggering options
  • Generation of bus disturbances
  • Creation of user-defined interfaces for controlling the simulation and tests or for displaying analysis data
  • Control of digital and analog I/O modules and measurement hardware lets you process real signal values in simulations and test environments
  • Open software interfaces such as Microsoft COM and .Net enable integration in existing system environments

More Information:
Product Information CANoe.CAN

 

(AFDX® is an Airbus registered trademark)

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Tool Variants

The professional variant is intended for users who want to take advantage of the full range of CANoe functions. Simulation models can be created with CAPL and .NET. Test cases are easy to model with the Test Feature Set.


Detailed information on the scope of functions in the "CANoe/CANalyzer Feature Matrix" (PDF).

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The runtime variant is suitable for users who want to quickly and easily test their ECU in interaction with a specified remaining bus simulation. Configurations cannot be changed, analysis functions are fully available and network nodes can be easily connected and disconnected.


Detailed information on the scope of functions in the "CANoe/CANalyzer Feature Matrix" (PDF).

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The project execution variant provides a graphical user interface exclusively. Simulation, test cases and results are easily controlled without the need to specifically evaluate the underlying messages.


Detailed information on the scope of functions in the "CANoe/CANalyzer Feature Matrix" (PDF).

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Product Descriptions

Fact Sheet:

Brief overview of facts (PDF)


Feature Matrix:

Comprehensive table with CANoe features (PDF)


Product Information:

CANoe - incl. .AMD/XCP and .Scope (PDF)

CANoe .A429  (PDF)

CANoe. AFDX (PDF)

CANoe .CANaero (PDF)

CANoe .CANopen (PDF)

CANoe .Car2x (PDF)

CANoe .DiVa (PDF)

CANoe .Ethernet (PDF)

CANoe .FlexRay (PDF)

CANoe .ISO11783 (PDF)

CANoe .J1587 (PDF)

CANoe .J1939 (PDF)

CANoe .LIN (PDF)

CANoe .MOST (PDF)

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Component
Recommended
Minimum
CPU
Intel Core i7 or comparable
≥ 3 GHz
≥ 4 cores
Intel compatible
2 GHz
2 cores
CANoe benefits from higher clock rates rather than higher number of cores.
Memory (RAM)
≥ 32 GB
8 GB
Hard disk space
≥ 20 GB SSD/NVMe 8 GB HD/SSD
Depending on the options used and the operating system components.
Screen resolution
Full HD
1280×1024 pixels
Operating system*
Windows 10 64 bit (≥ version 1803)
Windows 10 64 bit (≥ version 1803)
* Not virtualized. Running in a virtual machine is possible but not tested.
Operation with Vector hardware may be affected by virtualization, e.g., higher latencies may occur.
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Do you have technical questions and are looking for suitable answers? Our KnowledgeBase provides the most important!
 

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CANoe is available in these languages:

  • English
  • German
  • Japanese
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News & Events

Training

CANoe Workshops

Our workshops offer you many opportunities to expand or deepen your knowledge about CANoe.

As an introduction to CANoe we recommend our CANoe Basics Workshop. An advanced course requires knowledge from a basic course. However, you can register for workshops independently of each other.

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