E-Mobility
Smart Solutions for the Connected World

Innovative solutions are becoming more available to allow electric mobility to enter the mass-market. An important part of this is the charging technology. The term smart charging is used for charging systems of electric or hybrid vehicles according to ISO 15118, DIN SPEC 70121, SAE J2847/2. Vector supports developers of on-board charging ECUs in the vehicle, charging stations and induction charging systems with extensive test systems and bespoke ECU software.

Types of Charging

The charging infrastructure essentially offers three types of charging:

  • Alternating current (AC)
  • Direct current (DC)
  • Inductive charging

The battery in the vehicle is always charged with direct current (DC). This means that the charging systems (charging infrastructure and vehicle electronics) need to be set up differently. An AC/DC converter is needed in the vehicle for AC and inductive charging. In the case of DC charging, this converter is already installed in the charging station, i.e. the charging station is essentially directly connected to the battery. That is why in DC charging the vehicle must always communicate its momentary charging power requirements to the charging station. This means that it is absolutely essential for DC charging systems to be equipped with a communications unit between the vehicle and the charging station. The physical communication medium and details on the message sequence are defined in these national and international standards: ISO 15118, DIN SPEC 70121, SAE J2847/2, GB/T 27930 and CHAdeMO.

ISO 15118

ISO 15118 is the only standard to describe the option of an automatic payment process with authentication based on certificates and TLS security. In the standard, this mechanism is referred to as Plug’n Charge (PnC).

In principle, inductive charging systems work with alternating current. It is not possible to simply limit the power on the vehicle side, so communication is also necessary – in this case between the vehicle (secondary side) and the floor plate (primary side). This communication is currently also specified in ISO 15118.

Smart Charging

The term smart charging is used for charging systems of electric or hybrid vehicles according to ISO 15118, DIN SPEC 70121, SAE J2847/2. The communication between vehicle and charging station is realized in two ways:

  • As powerline communication via the control pilot pin in the form of a PWM signal and a digital signal for HomePlug-GreenPhy standard.
  • Wireless in case of inductive charging.

Vector Solutions for Smart Charging

Vector supports developers of on-board charging ECUs in the vehicle, charging stations and induction charging systems with extensive test systems and bespoke ECU software. This helps you to develop your software quickly and cost effectively.

Testing of ECUs

Using the Vector test solution for smart charging, you can test on-board charging ECUs without having to operate a real charge spot. Within the test, the behavior of the charge spot is simulated within a wide range and can be varied.

Through system-wide uniform time stamps, the test system is able to set the charging communication, bus communication and I/O events in a precise temporal relation. You would like to test on-board charging ECUs quickly and easily?

Vector provides the following products for testing the typical tasks:

vTESTstudio is an authoring tool for test design and offers:

  • Test programming (CAPL, C#)
  • Spreadsheet-based test design
  • Graphic test design
  • Definition of parameters and waveforms for any signals, value settings or similar objects

Further information about vTESTstudio

Mostra di più

CANoe .Ethernet is the ideal development and test tool for the development of ECUs and charge spots for smart charging:

  • Test creation and execution
  • Simulation of state machine and environment with help of a SCC DLL (intelligent charging per ISO 15118)
  • Wide-ranging analysis, measurement and logging functions
  • Supports remaining bus simulation
  • Controlling further system components, e.g. power supply

Further informationen about CANoe

Mostra di più

For testing the charging communication, the VT System offers e.g.

  • access to the Control Pilot Signal (input and output) and Proximity Pilot Signal
  • simulation of additional sensors and actuators of the ECU
  • driving external measuring  equipment (power supply, electronic loads)

Further information about VT System

Mostra di più

Testing of Charge Spots

Using the Vector test solution for smart charging, you can test charge spots without having to run a real on-board charging ECU. Within the test, the behavior of the ECU is simulated within a wide range and can be varied.

For the testing of charging stations and simplifying the test assembling, you can get the following products from Vector:

vTESTstudio is an authoring tool for test design and offers:

  • Test programming (CAPL, C#)
  • Spreadsheet-based test design
  • Graphic test design
  • Definition of parameters and waveforms for any signals, value settings or similar objects

Further information about vTESTstudio

Mostra di più

CANoe.Ethernet is the ideal development and test tool for the development of ECUs and charge spots for smart charging:

  • Test creation and execution
  • Simulation of state machine and environment with help of a SCC DLL (intelligent charging per ISO 15118)
  • Wide-ranging analysis, measurement and logging functions
  • Supports remaining bus simulation
  • Controlling further system components, e.g. electric loads

Further informationen about CANoe

Mostra di più

For testing the charging communication, the VT System offers e.g.

  • access to the Control Pilot Signal (input and output) and Proximity Pilot Signal
  • simulation of additional sensors and actuators of the ECU
  • driving external measuring  equipment (power supply, electronic loads)

Further information about VT System

Mostra di più

E-Mobility Measurement Solution

Powerful and flexible e-mobility measurement solution from Vector und CSM for measurements in high-voltage cables and components

Vector und CSM developed a very powerful and flexible e-mobility measurement solution. The advantages are:

  • Fast multi-channel measurements in high-voltage cables and components
  • Efficient support in the laboratory, at the test stand, during test drives and endurance tests
  • Conveniently recording physical values, internal ECU signals as well as signals sent via the vehicle bus with vMeasure exp
  • Online calculation of all relevant parameters like charging system efficiency, vehicle energy consumption, drive train and inverter efficiency, mechanical axle power, engine power and efficiency, vehicle electrical system ripple or shield currents of high-voltage cables

More information on the eMobilityAnalyzer are found on the vMeasure exp webpage.

ECU Software

For the rapid development of on-board charging ECUs, Vector offers the software stack MICROSAR.CHARGE. The stack already contains the entire protocol stream of smart charging according to ISO 15118, DIN SPEC 70121 and SAE J2847/2. Controlling the Powerline transceiver is included, too.

MICROSAR.CHARGE also supports the standards GB/T 27930 and CHAdeMO for China and Japan. These specify the DC charging and are based on communication via CAN.

Vector offers MICROSAR.CHARGE, which are embedded software modules that cover the vehicle-side communication sequence for Smart Charging.

The MICROSAR.CHARGE basic software fits seamlessly into existing AUTOSAR architectures and is being used in series production at a number of OEMs. It can also be used with existing OEM-specific software architectures.

Further information about MICROSAR

Mostra di più

Ethernet-based communication is supported according to ISO 15118, DIN SPEC 70121 and SAE J2847/2. This so called Combined Charging System (CCS) is common in North America and Europe. For all vehicle manufacturers, AC and DC charging is supported with the profiles EIM (External Identification Means) and PnC (Plug' n Charge) including SLAC (Signal Level Attenuation Characterization). In addition, Value Added Services (VAS) can be connected via HTTP and DNS, for example, or OEM-specific functions can be implemented. This could be, for example, a parallel, proprietary communication between the vehicle and the charging station in order to exchange additional information.

Further information about MICROSAR

Mostra di più

In addition to the CCS-related standards, Vector also supports the GB/T 27930 and CHAdeMO standards for China and Japan. These specify the DC charging and are based on communication via CAN. AC charging is controlled exclusively by a PWM signal.

Further information about MICROSAR

Mostra di più

ECU Hardware

Vector Controllers are ECUs for specific use cases with the focus on data communication. They are perfect for the rapid development of functional samples and for use in series production.

VC-VCCU: Vehicle Charge Control Unit for charging communication according to ISO 15118 and DIN SPEC 70121

VC-VCCU is an ECU specially developed for communications in electrically-powered commercial vehicles. The ECU handles standardized communication, e.g. between electric buses or urban trucks and the charging infrastructure.

More information about Vector Controllers

The Vector Controller VC-EVCC-P is designed for 24V on-board power supplies and can therefore be used for commercial vehicles of all kinds.

VC-EVCC-P (Electric Vehicle Communication Controller for Pantograph Charging) supports the fast charging of electric vehicles via pantographs according to OppCharge V1.3.0 protocol. This enables high charging power and high efficiency. Moreover, the generic charge ECU can easily communicate with an existing charging infrastructure.

More information about Vector Controllers

Charge Spot Software

vSECClib: The Smart Solution for Charging Communication

vSECClib (Supply Equipment Communication Controller Library) is a software stack that covers the high-level communication between the charging station and the electric vehicle. It replaces the previous version of the stack vEVSE from April 1st.  

The stack already contains the entire protocol stream of smart charging according to ISO 15118 and DIN SPEC 70121. With the embedded software modules Vector supports the rapid development of smart AC or DC charging stations


More information about vSECClib

Communication Controller for Charging Stations

vSECC supports electric vehicle charging communication over CCS, CHAdeMO, GB/T and controls the power electronics that provide AC or DC for charging.

vSECC (Supply Equipment Charge Controller) is a communication controller for charging stations. It serves as a communication interface between the electric vehicle, the Charging Station Management System (CSMS) and the power electronics.

More information about vSECC

Charging Station Management System

vCharM: Software for fleet operators, e.g. bus depots or company vehicle pools.

vCharM is a charging and load management software. It is designed to operate many charging points at high availability. Prime example use cases are charging depots for electric buses and commercial vehicles as well as high-capacity car parks.

More information about vCharM