(function(w,d,s,l,i){w[l]=w[l]||[];w[l].push({'gtm.start': new Date().getTime(),event:'gtm.js'});var f=d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0], j=d.createElement(s),dl=l!='dataLayer'?'&l='+l:'';j.async=true;j.src= 'https://www.googletagmanager.com/gtm.js?id='+i+dl;f.parentNode.insertBefore(j,f); })(window,document,'script','dataLayer','GTM-NKB5KB'); DYNA4 - Virtual Test Driving | Vector
DYNA4 - Virtual Test Driving
Development of Electronic Control Functions with Closed-Loop Simulation

DYNA4 - Function Development in Closed-Loop System Tests

DYNA4 is an open simulation environment for the virtual test driving of cars and commercial vehicles. The physical models include vehicle dynamics, powertrain, combustion engines, electric motors, sensors and traffic. Virtual test drives with DYNA4 facilitate safe and efficient function development and testing. Closed-loop simulations on the PC run faster than in real-time, e.g. for use in early development stages (MIL, SIL), or can be executed on Hardware-in-the-Loop systems (HIL) when ECUs are available. DYNA4’s 3D environment simulation with road infrastructure and traffic provides virtual test fields for assisted and automated driving wherever environment perception plays a key role.


  • Frontloading: testing and development of ECU functions in early stages
  • Safe testing in critical driving maneuvers, including near crash situations or vulnerable road users
  • Parameter variations for thousands of automated driving tests
  • Weather independence: reproducible environment conditions with rain, snow, fog, wind etc.
  • Direct comparison of configurations, variants etc.
  • Optimization of complex systems, e.g. operating strategies with many application parameters
  • Traceability of test runs through management and versioning of simulation input and output

Application Areas

Driver Assistance Systems and Autonomous Driving

Simulation of lidar sensor and image segmentation as input for ADAS function development
Simulation of lidar sensor and image segmentation as input for ADAS function development
  • Environment perception: Lane detection, traffic sign recognition, object detection, simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) etc.
  • Comfort functions: Adaptive cruise control (ACC), traffic jam assistant, parking pilot etc.
  • Safety systems: Pre-crash, front collision warning (FCW), automated emergency braking (AEB), lane keeping assistant, blind spot monitoring etc.
  • Car2x: Connected and cooperative driving
Show more

Virtual Test Drives with Precise Vehicle Dynamics

Simulation-based ESC homologation, Sine-with-Dwell test
Simulation-based ESC homologation, Sine-with-Dwell test
  • Chassis control systems: Electronic stability control (ABS, ASR, ESC), active roll compensation, trailer stabilization, active suspension control etc.
  • Steering control: Power steering, rear-wheel steering, superposition steering etc.
  • Commercial vehicles with up to two trailers
  • Virtual axle and tire test stands for generation and validation of model parameters
  • Complete vehicle simulation for testing the interdependencies of networked ECUs
Show more

System Simulation and Energy Management

Energy management analyses: Virtual driving of NEFZ, WLTP and others
Energy management analyses: Virtual driving of NEFZ, WLTP and others
  • CO2 reduction: Energy consumption prognosis for vehicles with conventional, hybrid or full electric powertrains and auxiliary units
  • Predictive energy management functions
  • Hybrid control units: Development, optimization and testing of hybrid control
Show more

Simulation of Combustion Engines from MIL to HIL

  • Engine management functions and on-board diagnosis
  • Proof-of-concept studies during early development
  • HIL simulators for testing of engine control units and components
  • Analysis of design concepts for gasoline, diesel, and alternative fuels passenger car engines, high-speed race engines, heavy duty engines and marine engines
  • Design of controllers for supercharging, variable valve actuation, HCCI, and EGR
  • Test and development of controllers for exhaust aftertreatment
  • Hardware-in-the-loop tests for engine controllers with cylinder pressure sensing
  • Feasibility studies and evaluation of engine design
Show more

DYNA4 Key Features

Virtual Vehicle: Models for Closed-Loop System Tests

  • Seamless integration of vehicle control functions and strategies
  • One or more vehicles under test, e.g. for cooperative driving
  • Use-case dependent choice of model fidelity from basic models to high-fidelity models
  • Vehicle dynamics for cars, trailers, trucks and commercial vehicles
  • Pre-configured, modular drivetrain models with mechanical and electrical components
  • Engine dynamics based on mean-value or detailed thermodynamic cylinder models
  • Driver models for different applications
Show more

Traffic, Environment, Sensors and 3D-Visualization

  • Impressive 3D-visualization of your DYNA4 simulations
  • Comprehensive and user-extensible object library with signs, vehicles, cyclists, pedestrians, animals, etc.
  • Driving on OpenDRIVE road networks without conversion
  • Deterministic traffic to create specific scenarios with prescribed behavior, e.g. NCAP
  • Stochastic yet reproducible traffic for explorative testing, e.g. driving on highway in dense traffic
  • Sensor simulation on decision level with object lists or on perception level with signals from camera, lidar, radar or ultrasonic sensors
Show more

Integration, Workflows and Connectivity

  • Powerful model and scenario authoring in DYNA4 Studio
  • Open and modular model architecture based on MATLAB/Simulink

    • Comprehensive DYNA4 model component libraries
    • Seamless integration of your Simulink models, FMUs or C-code

  • Flexible integration into your work processes and tools

    • DYNA4 as master for your simulation tool chain
    • DYNA4 as slave with headless operation in your common work environment

  • Open-loop and closed-loop simulation
  • Integrated test automation and parameter variation
  • Standard interfaces e.g. for CANoe, ROS and ADTF
  • Integrated versioning and teamwork functionality
  • Model, data and results management
  • Continuous re-use of your tests from MIL, SIL to HIL
  • Support of all common HIL platforms
Show more

Highlights of DYNA 4.0

New productizing and a range of model improvements

DYNA4 Studio

  • Model and scenario authoring
  • Simulation data management
  • Simulation automation and variation
  • Simulation result analysis and reporting


  • Enables execution of simulation models in accelerated or compiled mode
  • Execution with DYNA4 Studio workflows on desktop or real-time targets
  • Execution as exported runtime simulation projects, e.g. in CANoe, ADTF, cloud applications etc.

Improved generation of OpenDRIVE roads

  • Generation and visualization of OpenDRIVE roads from GPX data
  • Support of <geoReference> tag in OpenDRIVE files, e.g. for GPS receivers
  • Parameterization of OpenDRIVE objects to be displayed in 3D animation

More flexible scenario parameterization

  • Arbitrary reference paths independent of road layout
  • Initial speed for vehicle under test for shorter acceleration phase
  • Consolidated driver parameters for most common applications

Model updates for driving dynamics

  • Consolidated driver parameters for most common applications
  • Updated example parameter sets for Compact vehicle
  • Improved example parameterization for Model Configuration Truck 4x2
  • Improved robustness of TMeasy5 handling tire model

Model updates for electrified powertrains

  • Easier creation of customized wiring harnesses with improved Create Circuit function
  • Extended consideration of energy losses in electrical system and drivetrain like wiring harness, clutches and electric motors
  • New examples for battery configurations

Updates for ADAS sensor models

  • Deterministic rendering of physics-based sensors, e.g. for image stitching or sensor fusion
  • New sensor type: lidar sensor with single vertical scan layer

Improvements for 3D visualization with DYNAanimation

  • Retro-reflective road signs and road marks
  • Animated wheels for traffic vehicles
  • Range of new geometries
  • Simulation start can optionally be delayed until animation project is done loading
  • Simplified generation of user-defined signals for DYNAanimation

Runtime application export

  • Improved integration into CANoe with integrated animation control
  • Export of Windows Executable for stand-alone execution without MATLAB/Simulink
  • Multiple S-Function exports of same model with one click,  e.g. for multi-ego setups

Product Information

Show more

Do you have technical questions and are you looking for suitable answers? Our knowledge base provides the most important FAQs for you.

Show more


DYNA4 Training Courses

DYNA4 offers various possibilities to efficiently develop ECU functions through virtual test drives. But only those who know all these options can fully exploit the potential and save time and money.

Therefore, use our training courses to use DYNA4 even more efficiently in your everyday work!

Related Products

Benefit from further Vector solutions


Developing and Testing ECUs and entire networks on highest level.

Learn more
VT System | Modular HIL Test Platform

Scalable and modular sytems for HIL testing in various industries

Go to Page

Comfortable design of automated test sequences for embedded systems.

Learn more

Virtual developing and testing AUTOSAR software

Learn more