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70499 Stuttgart

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Vector Informatik GmbH

Borsteler Bogen 27

Hamburg

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Frankfurter Str. 286

38122 Braunschweig

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Ingersheimer Str. 20

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Vector Informatik GmbH

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Vector Informatik GmbH

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Vector Informatik GmbH

Franz-Mayer-Str. 8

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Vector Informatik GmbH

Visitor Address: Holderäckerstr. 36

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Technical Sales Embedded Software and AUTOSAR

Visitor Address: Holderäckerstr. 36

70499 Stuttgart

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Vector Informatik GmbH

Visitor Address: Holderäckerstr. 36

70499 Stuttgart

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Business hours: Monday to Friday from 8:30 am to 5:00 pm (CET/CEST).

Online: https://portal.vector.com

Vector Informatik GmbH

Visitor Address: Holderäckerstr. 36

70499 Stuttgart

德国

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Vector Informatik GmbH

Ingersheimer Str. 24

70499 Stuttgart

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Vector Informatik GmbH

Visitor Address: Holderäckerstr. 36

70499 Stuttgart

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Vector Informatik GmbH

Visitor Address: Holderäckerstr. 36

70499 Stuttgart

德国

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传真: +49 711 80670-111

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Vector Informatik GmbH

Visitor Address: Holderäckerstr. 36

70499 Stuttgart

德国

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Your contact:
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Manager Customer Projects for CANoe and automated Test Systems

Vector Informatik GmbH

Baierbrunner Str. 23

81379 Munich

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Vector Austria GmbH

Millennium Tower, Etage 41
Handelskai 94-96

1200 Vienna

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Millennium Tower, Etage 41
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Millennium Tower, Etage 41
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Vector North America

39500 Orchard Hill Place
Suite 500

Novi, Michigan 48375

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Operational sales automotive

Vector North America

39500 Orchard Hill Place
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Vector GB Ltd.

2480 Regents Court
The Crescent
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West Midlands B37 7YE

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VAT No.: GB 941 2528 36
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Vector GB Ltd.

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Vector GB Ltd.

2480 Regents Court
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Vector GB Ltd.

2480 Regents Court
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West Midlands B37 7YE

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Vector Japan Co. Ltd.

Seafort Square Center Bldg.
2-3-12 Higashi-shinagawa, Shinagawa-ku

Tokyo 140-0002

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传真: +81 3 4586 1830

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Vector Japan Co. Ltd.

Global Gate,
4-60-12 Hiraike-cho, Nakamura-ku, Nagoya-shi

Aichi, 453-6110

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电话: +81 52 770 7170

传真: +81 52 770 7190

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Vector Japan Co. Ltd.

Cent Urban Bldg. 4F
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Vector Japan Co. Ltd.

東京都品川区東品川2-3-12 シーフォートスクエア センタービル

〒140-0002

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愛知県名古屋市中村区平池町4-60-12 グローバルゲート

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Vector Japan Co. Ltd.

Seafort Square Center Bldg.
2-3-12 Higashi-shinagawa, Shinagawa-ku

Tokyo 140-0002

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传真: +81 3 4586 1830

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Vector Japan Co. Ltd.

Tokyo Seafort Square Center Building
2-3-12 Higashi-Shinagawa, Shinagawa-ku

Tokyo 140-0002

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Online: https://portal.vector.com

Please refer to the following for reception hours:
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Vector Japan Co. Ltd.

Seafort Square Center Bldg.
2-3-12 Higashi-shinagawa, Shinagawa-ku

Tokyo 140-0002

日本

电话: +81 3 4586 1800

传真: +81 3 4586 1830

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Vector Japan Co.Ltd...

Seafort Square Center Bldg.
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Tokyo 140-0002

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维克多汽车技术(上海)有限公司

中国 上海市长宁区
江苏路398号舜元企业发展大厦A座2701-2703室

上海 200050

中国

电话: +86 21 2283 4688

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维克多汽车技术(上海)有限公司北京分公司

中国 北京市朝阳区
酒仙桥路20号8层801-802室

北京 100016

中国

电话: +86 10 8432 8600

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维克多汽车技术(上海)有限公司

中国 上海市长宁区
江苏路398号舜元企业发展大厦A座2701-2703室

上海 200050

中国

电话: +86 21 2283 4688

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维克多汽车技术(上海)有限公司

中国 上海市长宁区
江苏路398号舜元企业发展大厦A座2701-2703室

上海 200050

中国

电话: +86 21 2283 4688

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维克多汽车技术(上海)有限公司

中国 上海市长宁区
江苏路398号舜元企业发展大厦A座2701-2703室

上海 200050

中国

电话: +86 21 2283 4688

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Vector Automotive Technology (Shanghai) Co., Ltd.

Sunyoung Center
Room 2701-2703, No.398 Jiang Su Road
Changning District

Shanghai 200050

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维克多汽车技术(上海)有限公司深圳分公司

中国 深圳市福田区
中心五路18号星河发展大厦1008室

深圳

中国

电话: +86 21 2283 4628

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Vector Korea IT Inc.

9F, Yongsan Prugio Summit Office-dong,
69, Hangang-daero, Yongsan-gu

Seoul 04378

韩国

电话: +82 2 807 0600

传真: +82 2 807 0601

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Vector Korea IT Inc.

9F, Yongsan Prugio Summit Office-dong,
69, Hangang-daero, Yongsan-gu

Seoul 04378

韩国

电话: +82 2 807 0600 Ext.1

传真: +82 2 807 0601

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Vector Korea IT Inc.

용산구 한강대로 69 용산 푸르지오 써밋 업무동 9층

서울 04378

韩国

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传真: +82 2 807 0601

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Vector Korea IT Inc.

9F, Yongsan Prugio Summit Office-dong,
69, Hangang-daero, Yongsan-gu

Seoul 04378

韩国

电话: +82 2 807 0600 Ext.2

传真: +82 2 807 0601

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Vector Korea IT Inc.

602, Yongsan Prugio Summit Office-dong

Seoul 04378

韩国

电话: +82 2 807 0600 Ext.3

传真: +82 2 807 0601

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Vector Italia s.r.l.

Corso Sempione 68

20154 Milano

意大利

电话: +39 02678171 10

传真: +39 02678171 35

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Vector Italia s.r.l.

Corso Sempione 68

20154 Milano

意大利

电话: +39 02678171 70

传真: +39 02678171 35

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Business hours: Monday to Friday from 9:00 am to 6:00 pm (CET/CEST).

Online: https://portal.vector.com

Vector Italia s.r.l.

Corso Sempione 68

20154 Milano

意大利

电话: +39 02678171 10

传真: +39 02678171 35

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Vector Italia s.r.l.

Corso Sempione 68

20154 Milano

意大利

电话: +39 02678171 10

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Vector Informática Brasil Ltda.

Rua Verbo Divino 1488, 3º andar

4719-904 São Paulo - SP

巴西

电话: +55 11 5180 2350

传真: +55 11 5181 7013

电子邮箱:

Vector Informática Brasil Ltda.

Rua Verbo Divino 1488, 3º andar

4719-904 São Paulo - SP

巴西

电话: +55 11 5180 2350

传真: +55 11 5181 7013

电子邮箱:

Vector Informática Brasil Ltda.

Rua Verbo Divino 1488, 3º andar

4719-904 São Paulo - SP

巴西

电话: +55 11 5180 2351

传真: +55 11 5181 7014

电子邮箱:

Vector Informática Brasil Ltda.

Rua Verbo Divino 1488, 3º andar

4719-904 São Paulo - SP

巴西

电话: +55 11 5180 2350

电子邮箱:

Vector North America

1351 South County Trail, Suite 310

East Greenwich, RI 02818

美国

电话: +1 401 398 7185

电子邮箱:

Development software testing
Operational sales non-automotive
 

Vector North America

1351 South County Trail, Suite 310

East Greenwich, RI 02818

美国

电话: +1 401 398 7185

电子邮箱:

Vector North America

1351 South County Trail, Suite 310

East Greenwich, RI 02818

美国

电话: +1 401 398 7185

电子邮箱:

Vector France S.A.S.

106 avenue Marx Dormoy

92120 Montrouge

法国

电话: +33 1 73 28 42 00

电子邮箱:

Vector France S.A.S.

106 avenue Marx Dormoy

92120 Montrouge

法国

电话: +33 1 73 28 42 00

电子邮箱:

Vector France S.A.S.

106 avenue Marx Dormoy

92120 Montrouge

法国

电话: +33 1 73 28 42 42

电子邮箱:

Vector France S.A.S.

9 rue Matabiau

31000 Toulouse

法国

电话: +33 170 952 200

电子邮箱:

Squoring Technologies SAS

9 Rue Matabiau

31000 Toulouse

法国

电话: +33 170 952 200

电子邮箱:

Vector France S.A.S.

106 avenue Marx Dormoy

92120 Montrouge

法国

电话: +33 1 73 28 42 00

电子邮箱:

Vector Informatik India Pvt. Ltd.

No 11-14, 5th & 6th floor, Tara Heights,
Old Mumbai Pune Road, Wakadewadi

Shivaji Nagar, Pune 411003

印度

电话: +91 20 6634 6600

电子邮箱:

Vector Informatik India Pvt. Ltd.

No 11-14, 5th & 6th floor, Tara Heights,
Old Mumbai Pune Road, Wakadewadi

Shivaji Nagar, Pune 411003

印度

电话: +91 20 6634 6600

电子邮箱:

Vector Informatik India Pvt. Ltd.

No 11-14, 5th & 6th floor, Tara Heights,
Old Mumbai Pune Road, Wakadewadi

Shivaji Nagar, Pune 411003

印度

电话: +91 20 6634 6634

电子邮箱:

Vector Informatik India Pvt. Ltd. – Bengaluru office

Kalyani Solitaire 2nd & 3rd Floor
No.165/2, Krishna Raju Layout
Doraisanipalya, Off Bannerghatta Road

Bengaluru 560076

印度

电话: +91 80 6822 9600

电子邮箱:

Vector Informatik India Pvt. Ltd.

No 11-14, 5th & 6th floor, Tara Heights,
Old Mumbai Pune Road, Wakadewadi

Shivaji Nagar, Pune 411003

印度

电话: +91 20 6634 6600

电子邮箱:

VecScan AB

Theres Svenssons Gata 9

417 55 Gothenburg

瑞典

电话: +46 31 764 76 00

传真: +46 31 764 76 19

电子邮箱:

VecScan AB

Theres Svenssons Gata 9

417 55 Gothenburg

瑞典

电话: +46 31 764 76 00

传真: +46 31 764 76 19

电子邮箱:

VecScan AB

Theres Svenssons Gata 9

417 55 Gothenburg

瑞典

电话: +46 31 764 76 00

传真: +46 31 764 76 19

电子邮箱:

VecScan AB

Theres Svenssons Gata 9

417 55 Gothenburg

瑞典

电话: +46 31 764 76 00

传真: +46 31 764 76 19

电子邮箱:

VecScan AB

Teknikringen 9

SE-583 30 Linköping

瑞典

电话: +46 (0)13–560 18 14

传真: +46 31 764 76 19

电子邮箱:

Vector North America

66 Bovet Road, Suite 300

San Mateo, CA 94402

美国

电子邮箱:

Vector North America

66 Bovet Road, Suite 300

San Mateo, CA 94402

美国

电子邮箱:

Vector North America

66 Bovet Road, Suite 300

San Mateo, CA 94402

美国

电子邮箱:

Vector Informatik GmbH

Visitor Address: Holderäckerstr. 36

70499 Stuttgart

德国

电话: +49 711 80670-0

电子邮箱:

Address for Deliveries:
Motorstr. 56
70499 Stuttgart
Germany

Vector Informatik GmbH

Visitor Address: Holderäckerstr. 36

70499 Stuttgart

德国

电话: +49 711 80670 200

电子邮箱:

Business hours: Monday to Friday from 8:30 am to 5:00 pm (CET/CEST).

Online: https://portal.vector.com

Vector Informatik GmbH

Visitor Address: Holderäckerstr. 36

70499 Stuttgart

德国

电话: +49 711 80670 500

电子邮箱:

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Charging Types and Methods

Innovative solutions are becoming increasingly available to make electric mobility mass-market-capable. An important part of this is the charging technology. In this context, the term smart charging is used for charging systems of electric or hybrid vehicles according to standards like ISO 15118 and DIN SPEC 70121.

In this know-how section essential knowledge about types of charging and charging methods is presented.

Vector Solutions for Smart Charging

Vector supports developers of on-board charging ECUs in the vehicle, charging stations and induction charging systems with extensive test systems, hardware and bespoke ECU software. This helps you to develop quickly and cost effectively.

Types of Charging

The charging infrastructure essentially offers three types of charging:

  • Alternating current (AC)
  • Direct current (DC)
  • Inductive charging

The battery in the vehicle is always charged with direct current (DC). This means that the charging systems (charging infrastructure and vehicle electronics) need to be set up differently. An AC/DC converter is needed in the vehicle for AC and inductive charging. In the case of DC charging, this converter is already installed in the charging station, i.e. the charging station is essentially directly connected to the battery. That is why in DC charging the vehicle must always communicate its momentary charging power requirements to the charging station. This means that it is absolutely essential for DC charging systems to be equipped with a communications unit between the vehicle and the charging station. The physical communication medium and details on the message sequence are defined in these national and international standards: ISO 15118, DIN SPEC 70121, SAE J2847/2, GB/T 27930 and CHAdeMO.

Charging Methods

Conductive

Conductive charging requires a physical connection between the EV’s battery and the charging station.

 
Wallbox

Wall-mounted compact EVSEs, mostly AC (typically < 22 kW) with one dispenser, in future also DC (typically < 50 kW)

 

 

Charging Station

Pedestals or larger EVSEs for public and depot charging, mostly DC (typically > 100 kW)

Pantograph

A pantograph is a movable electrical power receiver that is used on local transportation buses and trucks to build up a temporary DC charging connection (typically > 200 kW). This charging method is to be standardized in ISO 15118-20.

Inverted pantograph

An inverted pantograph is mounted to the charging mast and established a downward connection with contacts on the vehicle roof. This reduces vehicle weight, but on the charging side it’s more complex and there are higher safety risks. This is currently standardized as OppCharge (DC standard for opportunity charging) with > 150 kW. (WIFI mandatory)

 

Roof-mounted pantograph

The pantograph is mounted to the vehicle roof and makes a connection with a charging mast designed for this purpose. It can work with Power Line Communication (PLC) or WIFI.

Wireless Charging

Wireless Power Transfer (WPT)

Wireless charging today is mostly inductive charging. It uses an electromagnetic field to facilitate the exchange of energy between two objects. Currently efficiencies are more than 90%. Application mostly in passenger cars and few exceptional commercial use cases. This is standardized in ISO 15118-20.

Bidirectional Charging

Bidirectional Power Transfer (BPT)

BPT is an energy feedback from vehicle to home grid or power grid. This operating reserve can balance periods of peak demand and peak supply on the electricity grid with a possible payment in return. This is standardized in ISO 15118-20.

Start a Conversation

Are you interested in the Vector E-Mobility Solutions or do you need more information about smart charging?

Then let's talk!

More Know-How

Printed Materials
Webinar Recordings
Events
Electric Vehicle Charging Communication Know-How Chart in DIN A1 format, folded to DIN A4

Order the Vector Electric Vehicle Chart. The clearly structured Poster in DIN A1 format gives you important technical details on Charging Communication. Among other things, the unique poster illustrates the following topics:

  • Electric Charging Use Cases
  • Charging Methods
  • Charging Interfaces
  • Standards and Protocols
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Related Pages

新能源Kow-How
面向充电ECU、充电桩和充电系统的测试系统和ECU软件。

More Smart Charging Know-How

Charging Interfaces
Explanation of the EV and EVSE connector faces for AC and DC charging.
Communication Protocols
The communication between the EV and the EVSE is divided into low-level communication, high-level communication and value added services.
Charging Standards
Overview of both international and national charging standards, such as IEC 62196, ISO 15118, GB/T 27930, CHAdeMO and OCPP.